As from 1798, the 84 zolotniki (.875) standard replaced 72 zolotniki as the legal minimum standard. Athough 88 & 91 zolotniki were sometimes used on higher quality work, 84 zolotniki is the most commonly seen silver standard used in Russia throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. or standard mark, and a town mark.
A-C: list of makers marks of Russian silversmiths, a miscellany of antique Russian silver hallmarks and silversmith's hallmark (Russian maker's marks) with .
hallmarks of Russian silversmiths: article # 7 by Giorgio Busetto on ASCAS – Association of Small Collectors of Antique Silver website.
Russia: Mark for articles with not accepted silver standards: Women head in kokoshnik facing, 1908-1926, Mark for articles with not accepted silver standards
Russia: Double headed imperial eagle and city initials Ã‘ÃÃ, 1730-1737, -. . Russia: Silver purity mark: 91, two anchors crossing a scepter and city initials .
a wide selection of antique Russian silver hallmarks, makers, silversmiths, assayers, town mark and hallmark with alphabetic index. una miscellanea di marchi .
After 1908 the mark changed, the head facing right and the assayer's initials. Enamel is the most distinctive feature of Russian silver: multicolour cloisonnÃ©, .